Finding a DTD within a JAR File
When an external DTD is specified in the DOCTYPE attribute of an XML
file, the parse has to open the DTD externally. If the DTD URL
provided is absolute, no problems occur: either the document is
present at that location or it is not.
However, using a relative URL for the DTD is preferable in many cases,
since the DTD and XML file may be paired on the filesystem or in a JAR
When invoking the parser, be sure to use the following code:
// Correctly passing the URL for the XML file to the parser
This will pass the parser the URL of the XML file. It can use that to
find the DTD even if the DTD is specified with a relative URL.
In contrast, code that passes the XML file to the parser as an
InputStream strips the parser of its ability to find relative URLs and
will cause the parsing to fail.
// AVOID THIS: Passing XML File as input stream